What are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids frequently come up in discussions regarding the use of marijuana. It is actually a naturally occurring compound that is found in cannabis, more specifically in the sativa kind of cannabis plant. There are around 480 compounds in a cannabis plant. Of these, 66 are types of cannabinoids. In fact, the major part of trichomes, which are credited for being the part of cannabis which is responsible for all the good things, is also cannabinoid.
Cannabinoid is not one chemical compound. In fact, many compounds with similar structures are labeled as cannabinoids. Endocannabinoid is the kind that naturally produces in the human body. It is responsible for the working of the body. Without this cannabinoid, you wouldn’t feel hungry, won’t remember a thing, and there would be no such thing as a mood. Such physiological processes are handled by endocannabinoid. The deficiency of this compound results in fatal diseases.
Marijuana is the most common source of external cannabinoid. When these chemical compounds are ingested, they come in contact with relevant receptors so that the body can accept them. CB1 and CB2 are the two types of cannabinoid receptors found in the human body. The exact receptor in work depends on the area of the brain where the cannabinoid is in action. This factor is also dependent on the type of cannabinoid and its amount that has been taken in.
Certain cannabinoids are psychologically active. These include CBG, CBC, and CBD. On the other hand, some have different psychoactive properties. These include THC, CBN, and CBDL. The two groups of cannabinoids usually cancel out the negative impacts of each other when they come in contact. CBD and THC are the most common types that you’ll hear the most about it, especially if you’re talking about marijuana and cannabis.
Cannabinoids in cannabis
As previously mentioned, CBD and THC are the most commonly talked about cannabinoids with reference to cannabis. However, there a few more types present in the drug.
THCA, tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, is the major part of raw cannabis. It contributes to the anti-inflammatory properties of the drug. Next, we have tetrahydrocannabinol, THC. This is the cannabinoid found in maximum percentage inside cannabis. The pain relief properties, as well as antioxidant features, are credited to THC.
CBDA is cannabidiolic acid which is also responsible for the anti-inflammatory features of cannabis. Cannabidiol, CBD, has many beneficial properties but it is important that CBD is used in the right amount with THC.
Cannabinol, CBN, is a sedative cannabinoid. Canabigerol is CBG which is known for killing bacterial growth. It also encourages bone growth and stops the development of a tumor and cancerous cells. Cannabichromene, CBC, is not very common. It is only found in some tropical cannabis plants. CBC also has similar features to CBG.
THCV, tetrahydrocannabivarin, is very similar to THC is structure. It is mostly known for helping patients with anxiety. Cannabidivarin is CBDV which has a similar structure to CBD. This is known for helping epileptic patients.